Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Bairūt
(636 words)

(also written Beirut, Beyrouth and pronounced Berūt), a town on the Syrian coast, 23° 54′ n. l., lying on the Bay of St. George at the foot of Mount Lebanon of which the town is the natural commercial centre; it does not, however, belong to the autonomous district of Lebanon but is the headquarters of an independent Wilāyet.

Bairūt is an ancient Phoenician town which is mentioned as early as the Tell al-ʿAmarna tablets (cf. Zeitschr. d. Deutschen Palästina-Ver. xxx. 1907, p. 13 et seq.). An independent kingdom about 1400 B. C, next belonging to Gebal (Byblos), the town fell in…

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Hell, J., “Bairūt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 04 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_1209>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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