Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Bāb
(1,589 words)

, an Arabic word signifying ”gate”, early received among the Ṣūfis the meaning of “gate by which one enters, means of communication with that which is within”. Among the Ismaélis, this word is used symbolically for the S̲h̲aik̲h̲ or spiritual leader, who initiates into the mysteries of religion, the Asās (Guyard, Fragments, p. 106); among the Noṣairis, Salmān al-Fārisī, entrusted with the propaganda is the Bāb (R. Dussaud, Noṣairīs, p. 62. n. 4). The Druses call by this name the first spiritual minister, who embodies universal reason (Mawlāya ʿaḳl “Monseigneur l’esprit”; cf. Sacy, Druz…

Cite this page
Huart, Cl., “Bāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 23 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_1081>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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