Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(Baʿlabekk; called “Heliopolis” by the Greeks) chief town of a district in the province of Damascus, seat of a Ḳāʾimmaḳām, situated in the Syrian plateau of Biḳāʿ, famous for the ruins of the Temple of Jupiter erected by the Emperor Antoninus (138—161) on a broad terrace, the courts and propylaea of which Caracalla added, as well as for its Temple of Bacchus. The etymology of the name Baalbek has not been explained, according to the Greek designation “Heliopolis” it was the site of the cult of a…

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Sobernheim, M., “Baalbek”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_1079>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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