Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(868 words)

, the name of two left bank tributaries (al-Zawābī) of the Tigris.

1. The Upper or Great Zāb (Zāb al-aʿlā or al-akbar) was known already to the Assyrians as Zabu ēlū, the “Upper Zāb”. The Greeks called it Lykos (Weissbach, s. v., N°. 12 in Pauly-Wissowa, R.E., vol. xiii., col. 2391 sq.; on the name see J. Markwart, Südarmenien, Vienna 1930, p. 429 sq.), the Byzantines however have again ό μέγαΣ ΖάβαΣ (Theophan., Chron., ed. de Boor, p. 318, 320). In Syriac it was called Zābhā, in Armenian Zaw (Thomas Arcruni, ed. Patkanean, 111/iv., p. 143; transl. Brosset, in Collection d’hist. Arméniens, i. 1…

Cite this page
Honigmann, E., “al-Zāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 17 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_6037>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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