The Song of Roland
Date: About 1170
Original Language: Middle High German
The Rolandslied by Pfaffe Konrad is a translation (or better, an adaptation) of the Chanson de Roland (q.v.), based on the military defeat of Charlemagne at Roncesvalles in the Pyrenees in 778.
None of the extant manuscripts of the Chanson de Roland was Konrad’s direct source. With respect to the plot, the Rolandslied bears the closest affinities to the version attested in…