Brill’s New Pauly

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(ξεναγός; xenagós). The word xenagos was a Spartan technical term, literally a 'leader of foreigners' (ξένοι/xénoi); this referred to the Greek allies of Sparta within the Spartan symmachy ( s ymmachia ). Originally, a xenagos was a high-ranking Spartan officer designated to take overall command of the troops of an allied city (Xen. Ag. 2,10; Xen. Hell. 3,5,7; 4,2,19). The post of xenagos, which is first documented for the opening phase of the Peloponnesian War (in 429 BC: Thuc. 2,75,3), was probably created soon after the Persian Wars or shortly before 450 BC. In…

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Cartledge, Paul A. (Cambridge), “Xenagos”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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