Brill’s New Pauly

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(297 words)

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According to Varro, a tactical unit of Roman legionary cavalry, consisting of 30 equites (Cavalry) and three decuriones [4], one of whom was in command of the turma (Varro Ling. 5,91; Pol. 6,20,9; 6,25,1 f.; Veg. Mil. 2,14,1 f.). By the 3rd cent. BC, the mounted contingents of the socii predominated (225 BC: Pol. 2,24,3-16; FGrH 809 F 16), whose turmae occasionally bore the name of their geographic origin (t. Lucana: Liv. 22,42,4; t. Fregellana: Liv. 37,34,6); they used to fight on the wings (alae) in conjunction with the legions (Pol. 6,26,7-9; Liv. 31,21…

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Schumacher, Leonhard, “Turma”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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