Brill’s New Pauly

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Synonym
(199 words)

[German version]

(Latin, from Greek συνώνυμον/synṓnymon, 'word with the same meaning'). Ancient grammarians gave the name synonyma (or alternatively polyonyma) to two or more words with the same meaning, such as πορεύεσθαι and βαδίζειν for "go" (Aristot. Rhet. 1405a), ensis, gladius and mucro for "sword" (Prisc., GL 2, p. 59, line 18 Keil). The Sophist Prodicus endeavours to distinguish from one another the meanings particularly of apparent synonyms; ancient rhetoric also places great value on recognising fine nuances (primarily for retouching parti…

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Schröder, Bianca-Jeanette, “Synonym”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1127470>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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