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Spartacus
(610 words)

[German version]

Leading an insurrection of slaves, the Thracian S. entangled Rome from 73 to 71 BC in the most dangerous slave war of her history (App. B Civ. 1,116-120; Plut. Crassus 8-11: Σπάρτακος; Flor. Epit. 2,8). Together with 70 companions Spartacus had succeeded in escaping from a gladiator school in Capua in 73 BC. With shepherds and other agricultural slaves (Agriculture) joining them, the band around S. grew rapidly. Although S. managed to repel 3,000 Roman soldiers by outmanoeuvering them near Mount Vesuvius, the Romans continued to underrate…

Cite this page
Onken, Björn (Marburg/Lahn), “Spartacus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 30 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1118620>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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