Brill’s New Pauly

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Rex
(661 words)

[German version]

[1] King

Rex (pl. reges; Indo-Germanic *rḗg̑-s, Old Indo-Aryan rā́j-, Celtic -rīx) in Latin denotes a king; in the Greek world, the Indo-Germanic term probably gave way in the Mycenaean period to the ruler designations anax ( wanax ) and basileús . The Imperial and Byzantine word ῥῆξ (rhêx) was originally a mere Greek transliteration of the Latin rex and generally refers to tribal kings of foreign peoples.

According to the root of the word *h3reg̑- ('to straighten', 'to stretch out'), the job of the rex was to 'rule', i…

Cite this page
Eder, Walter (Berlin) and Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum), “Rex”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 13 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1021580>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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