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Maieutic method
(164 words)

[German version]

from the Greek μαιευτική (maieutikḗ, sc. téchnē), ‘midwifery. In Plato's dialogue Theaetetus (148e-151d) Socrates compares his ability to recognize whether or not hidden wisdom lies dormant in others, and to help them if necessary to bring it to light, with the craft of his mother, the midwife (maía) Phaenarete, and of midwives in general, to recognize pregnancies and to help deliver the baby. It is contested whether or not the historical Socrates used this comparison but the stronger arguments speak against it. In Middle Platonism the MM of Socrates was interpre…

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Döring, Klaus (Bamberg), “Maieutic method”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e718200>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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