Brill’s New Pauly

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Knives
(421 words)

[German version]

The essential part of the knife is the blade, the form and development of which is determined by its particular function and use such as cutting off or cutting up. Furthermore, in the shape of a dagger it is used for piercing. The knife is one of the oldest and most essential aids in the history of humanity; it has been used for housework ( Household equipment), for hunting, as a tool in many areas (e.g. for working with wood or leather: σμίλη/smílē, σμίλιον/smílion, τομεύς/tomeús, Latin scalprum, culter, crepidarius), in agriculture (tree knives, picks, sickles for …

Cite this page
Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg), “Knives”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e801400>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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