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Insects
(591 words)

[German version]

This class of animals was first named by Aristotle (Hist. an. 1,1,487a 32-34; 4,1,523b 13-15) for the notches (ἐντομαί/entomaí) on their ventral side or on both the ventral and dorsal sides ἔντομα/éntoma (sc. ζῷα; zôa), from which the modern term ‘entomology’ and the German word ‘Kerbtier’ (notched animal) are derived. The other most important characteristics listed by Aristotle are: insects do not breathe in air (Hist. an. 1,1,487a 30-32; 4,9,535b 5; obviously he was not familiar with the tracheal system, which differs from…

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Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg), “Insects”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e524970>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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