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Hippopotamus
(540 words)

[German version]

Hippopotamus amphibius L., ὁ or ἡ ἵππος ποτάμιος/híppos potámios, literally ‘river horse’, Latin hippopotam(i)us or equus fluvialis (Ambr. Hexaemeron 5,1,4), equus Nili (Thomas of Cantimpré, Liber de natura rerum 6,19), known from the  Nile (Plin. HN 8,95 and 28,121), from west African rivers (Plin. HN 5,10) and from Palestine. That the animal was found in the Indus, as alleged by Onesicratus, was rejected by Str. 14,1,45 and Paus. 4,34,3. In Egypt, the hippopotamus was nearly extinct in late antiquity due to cap…

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Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg), “Hippopotamus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e823400>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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