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G (linguistics)
(193 words)

[German version]

The letter G is a Latin peculiarity. Because the Latin  C, which had taken the place of the Greek Gamma, had acquired the phonetic value/k/, there was a need for a letter to represent the common Latin phoneme/g/; the new letter was produced by adding a line to the letter C, and in the Latin alphabet took the place of the redundant  Z. This major achievement is ascribed to a certain Sp.  Carvilius [2] (GRF 3 [5. 324-333; 3. 70-72]).

In words with Indo-European roots, the Greek and Latin media/g/ as a rule continues from the proto-Indo-European g (velar) or ǵ (palatal) [4. 83; 2…

Cite this page
Forssman, Bernhard (Erlangen), “G (linguistics)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e417190>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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