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Encomium
(577 words)

[German version]

(ἐγκώμιον/enkṓmion, sc. μέλος/mélos, ᾆσμα/âisma). A song of praise. Praise (ἔπαινος, épainos) and reproach (ψόγος, psógos) are two important functions in oral poetry widely used and documented in early Greece [1. 141-151]. Reproach is largely the subject of the iambographers while praise is, for example, found in the poem addressed by  Alcaeus to his brother (350 Voigt [2]), the poems of  Sappho to her female friends, in the Partheneia of  Alcman, in the erotic poetry dedicated by  Anacreon and  Ibycus to beautiful youths, in a threnos by  Simonides for the warrio…

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Robbins, Emmet (Toronto), “Encomium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 29 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e330580>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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