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Earth­quake
(850 words)

[German version]

I. Mesopotamia

The push of the Arabian peninsula to the north-east against the Eurasian plate caused the uplift of the Zagros and Taurus mountains. Seismic release of tensions can lead to earthquakes in the whole of Mesopotamia, particularly in the north. Earthquakes were considered to be expressions of wrath by  Enlil, king of the gods, by various  chthonic gods and by Inanna/Ištar as the star of Venus. They were regarded as severe warnings to the king and as precursors of further …

Cite this page
Maul, Stefan (Heidelberg) and Krafft, Fritz (Marburg/Lahn), “Earth­quake”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 04 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e401050>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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