is used in Lat. as an abbreviation of the Roman praenomen Decimus. As a numeral the letter D stands for the value 500. Like the numeral C (= 100) it is derived from a letter of the western Greek alphabet not used in the Latin alphabet: Φ (phi), which stands for the value 1,000; the letter form D, indicating half the value of 1,000, was derived by bisection of the Greek symbol (right half).
Cite this pageEder, Walter (Berlin), “D”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e309170>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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