Reward to the ferryman Charon for the journey across the river of the underworld (ναῦλον, πορθμήϊον; naûlon, porthmḗïon). A coin was placed under the tongue of the corpse or between its teeth [1. 349; 2; 3. 193f., 249f.]. The coin is often old, in bad condition or foreign; antique fakes or coin-like discs were also used, as in Greek graves of the 4th-2nd cents. BC [3. 250].
Charon ; Dead, cult of the
1 J. Marquart, Das Privatleben der Römer, 21886
2 Schrötter, 100, s.v. Charonsfährgeld
3 D. C. Kurtz, J. Boardman, Th…
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Mlasowsky, Alexander (Hannover),
“Charon's fare”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e232040>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510