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Capital of the Samnite Caudini, modern Montesarchio; mansio on the via Appia between Capua and Beneventum, possibly municipium. Grave gifts, found in the necropolis near Montesarchio, indicate habitation from the 8th to the 3rd cents. BC. C. was twice enclosed by a walled circle; the later ring, established in the south-east of the town, was possibly built in conjunction with the renormatio, which Augustus undertook after 31 BC for the veterans of the legio XXX.