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Caesar
(180 words)

[German version]

(Καῖσαρ/Kaîsar). At first a  cognomen of the gens Iulia; after the adoption of Octavian ( Augustus) by  Caesar it became established, in the style of a gentilicium as a component -- from Claudius [III 1] (from the gens Claudia) onwards not inherited -- of the names of all Roman rulers, with the exception of Vitellius [II 2] (recusatio, ‘repudiation’, of the C. name: Tac. Hist. 1,62,2; 2,62,2; 3,58,3; Suet. Vit. 8). The individual designated C., usually a son or adoptive son, was thereby named successor [1. 24]. Under the tetrarchy ( Tetrárchēs IV) two Caesars ruled …

Cite this page
Strothmann, Meret (Bochum), “Caesar”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12220550>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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