Abbreviation of the widespread Roman name Gaius. This abbreviation must have occurred already before the introduction of the letter G into the Roman alphabet by the censor Appius Claudius Caecus (312 BC). In the Roman system of numbers, C represents the value 100 (centum), but it probably developed from the Greek aspirate Θ (via its form), which did not have any application as a letter in the early Latin alphabet.
Cite this pageEder, Walter (Berlin), “C.”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e222380>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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