(in linguistics). The third letter of the Greek alphabet was used for the voiced/g/ (as in New High German Gold) in accordance with the Semitic model; also used for the nasal , e.g. in ἄγκος (ánkos). However, the Etruscans gave this letter the sound of [k]; it was also used accordingly in Rome, where later on a new letter was invented for a voiced/g/. More under G; K; Italy (alphabetic scripts).
Forssman, Bernhard (Erlangen),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 21 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e222370>