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Bulgaria
(432 words)

Name for two different historical creations.

[German version]

A. The so-called ‘ancient Bulgarian kingdom’

Around 635 Khan Kubrat succeeded in freeing the Ogur-Turkish  Bulgari from the hegemony of the  Avares and establishing a kingdom which extended along the north bank of the Black Sea to the east and west of the Sea of Asov. The Byzantines saw this kingdom as a stability factor in the north against the Avares and  Antae; Emperor  Heracleaus allied himself to Kubr…

Cite this page
Kramer, Johannes (Trier), “Bulgaria”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e221500>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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