Brill’s New Pauly

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Alphabet
(5,280 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Middle Eastern origins

The early Semitic alphabet seems to have developed in parallel lines from various early stages of the proto-Canaanite language: ancient Hebrew (Gezer, Lachic, Shechem, Izbet Ṣarṭah in Palestine 17th-12th cents. BC) and proto-Sinaitic (Serabit el-Ḫadem c. 15th cent. BC). As its counterpart, cuneiform scripts from Ugarit (14th-13th cents. BC), Bet Shemesh/Palestine, Tell Nebi Mend/Syria and Sarepta/Phoenicia (13th-12…

Cite this page
Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen) and Wachter, Rudolf (Basle), “Alphabet”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e116400>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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