Brill’s New Pauly

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Acacia
(187 words)

[German version]

(ἀκακία [akakía], Dioscorides 1,133; ἄκανθα [ákantha], Theophr. Hist. pl. 6,1,3). The Egyptian shittah or rubber tree, already mentioned in Hdt. 2,96, belongs to the genus of mimosa plants widespread in the Mediterranean. The sap (kommì, gum) secreted by the tree was used by the Egyptians for embalming corpses (Hdt. 2,86), but then also in human medical applications (ophthalmology) and was traded at high prices in Roman times (Plin. HN 13,63). The acacia sap was processed into mouth pastilles (Plin. HN 24,109) for…

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Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg), “Acacia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e111670>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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