A. Constitution, council, university foundation
In the Late Middle Ages, B., with its 10,000 or so inhabitants, increasingly emancipated itself from its ruler, the prince-bishop, from whom it purchased the most important rights and privileges. Following the Swabian (or Swiss) War of 1499, B. in 1501 was admitted to the Swiss Confederation as its eleventh canton. Formally speaking, this had no bearing on the city's membership in the Holy Roman Empire as a 'Free City' (German Freie Stadt, Latin urbs libera); that freedom became final with the Reformation and the departure o…
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Maissen, Thomas (Paris),
Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism
, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2017). Original German-language edition: Renaissance-Humanismus. Herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 9. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2014).
Consulted online on 15 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps8_SIM_004805>
First published online: 2015