Austrian classical archaeologist and art historian. Born Steyr 7. 5. 1853, died Venice 6. 4. 1909. Studied at Vienna with Theodor von Sickel (history), Alexander Conze (archaeology) and Rudolf Eitelberger and Moritz Thausing (art history). 1880 diss. on Dürer’s studies of antiquity. 1879–1885 curator of the textile collection at the Österreichisches Museum für Kunst und Industrie; from 1885 prof. ext., 1891–1909 prof. ord. (successor to Thausing) at the Univ. of Vienna.