Flemish painter, diplomat and collector of antiquities. Born Siegen (Westphalia) 28. 6. 1577, died Antwerp 30. 5. 1640. Trained as a painter in Antwerp from 1592; in Italy from 1600, e.g. as court painter to Duke Vincenzo Gonzaga in Mantua. Travels to Madrid, Rome, Genoa and Milan. 1608 return to Antwerp, where his renown as a painter grew. Commissions, including from the French court. 1628–1630 diplomatic negotiation of a peace between England and Spain [9. 57–72].