Polish-American Orientalist and Assyriologist. Born Jerzy G. in Tarnau (Austrian Galicia, now Tarnów, Poland) 14. 10. 1907, died Chicago 22. 12. 1985. 1925–1929 studied classics, Semitic studies, linguistics and Assyriology at Rome with Giorgio Levi della Vida and Karl Beloch; doctorate there 1929. From 1932, research assistant at Oriental Institute, Univ. of Chicago; from 1937 assistant prof., from 1943 prof., from 1965 Frank P. Hixon Distinguished Service Prof., Chicago. Retired 1980.