Bessarion, Basilios
(603 words)

Byzantine Humanist and cardinal. Born 2. 1. 1403 in Trebizond (Trabzon on the Black Sea), died 18. 11. 1472 in Ravenna. His baptismal name was probably Basilios rather than John, as sometimes asserted. He adopted the name B. as a monk. Schooling at Constantinople with George Chrysokokkes with Francesco Filelfo. Monk from 1423. Anointed as a Deacon 1425, priesthood 1430. Studied at Mystra from ca. 1431 with George Gemistos Plethon. Named Metropolitan of Nicaea 1437; 1438/39 in the retinue of Emperor John VIII Palae…

Cite this page
Hintzen, Beate, “Bessarion, Basilios”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2014). Original German-language edition: Geschichte der Altertumswissenschaften: Biographisches Lexikon. Herausgegeven von Peter Kuhlmann und Helmuth Schneider. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 6. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2012). Consulted online on 22 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004245938, 20131209

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