(Ζεύς [Zeús]; Latin Iup(p)iter)
Z., the chief god of the Olympian pantheon and sky-god, son of Kronos and Rhea, frequently appears episodically in ancient myth and its reception in the stories of other figures. The main features of the ancient myth of Z. will be examined here. On the reception of the individual myths, reference is made to the entries for the figures concerned.
A. Name and earliest evidence