(3,372 words)

(Θησεύς [Thēseús]; Latin Theseus)

A. Myth

T. is the son of Aethra, the daughter of Pittheus of Troezen. His father is given either as Aegeus of Athens (Plut. Thes. 3) or Poseidon (Apollod. 3,15; Hyg. Fab. 37). At an early age, T. distinguishes himself by his strength and fearlessness. For example, he can push aside a great boulder under which Aegeus has hidden a sword and sandals for him when leaving Aethra, and he deliberately chooses the most dangerous route in order to bea…

Cite this page
Harst, Joachim, “Theseus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 17 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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