Silen, Satyr
(5,525 words)

(Σειληνός, Σιληνός [S(e)ilēnós], Dorian Σιλανός [Silanós]; Latin Silanus, Silenus; Σάτυρος [Sátyros]; Latin Satur, Satyrus)

A. Myth

Silens (Si.) and satyrs (Sa.) are coarse, wild, lewd nature-daemones who often pursue the nymphs. Their faces have bestial traits. Their ears, tails and hoofs resemble those of a horse (to this extent, they are related to the Centaurs) or he-goat (from the Hellenistic period, influenced by the Pan type). The upper body is human, but very hirsute. The nose is snub, the mouth larg…

Cite this page
Ackermann, Christiane, “Silen, Satyr”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 15 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps4_e1112800>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111



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