(2,885 words)

(Ποσειδῶν/Poseidôn; Latin Neptunus)

A. Myth

P. is the Olympian god of the sea, earthquakes and horses (Hom. H. 22; Paus. 7,21,7ff.). A son of Kronos and Rhea, he is devoured by his father like his brothers and sisters. Only Zeus survives and forces Kronos to vomit the children back up (Hes. Theog. 453ff.). Together with his siblings, P. pits himself against Kronos and the Titans in a successful struggle for world dominion. His weapon in the fight is the trident (Apollod. 1,5–8; Hes. …

Cite this page
Lauffer, Ines, “Poseidon”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 22 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps4_e1006030>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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