(7,677 words)

(Νύµφαι [Nýmphai], sing. Νύµφη [Nýmphē]; Latin Nymphae, sing. Nympha)

A. Myth

N. are female nature deities. The Greek nymphe originally meant ‘bride’, or, generally, a young woman ready for marriage, and was also used of people (e.g. Hom. Od. 4,743). The “divine N.” (Hes. Theog. 129f.) are either immortal (Paus. 10,12,3) or very long-lived mortal beings, and as such stand between the human and divine races (Hom. H. 5,257–259). The N. were originally an undefined …

Cite this page
Kramer, Anke, “Nymphs”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 22 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps4_e827190>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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