(3,006 words)

(Μαρσύας [Marsýas]; Latin Marsyas

A. Myth

M. was originally a Phrygian river-god; to the Greeks he was a satyr or silen (Silen, Satyr). He is either the teacher of the flute-player Olympus (Hyg. Fab. 165) or his son (Apollod. 1,24). The starting point of the myth of M. is the goddess Athena and her invention of the aulos, a double flute. The effort of playing the flute distorts Athena’s face (Apollod. 1,24), inciting the mockery of Hera and Aphrodite (Hyg. Fab. 165). The goddess immediately discards the instrument and cur…

Cite this page
Drügh, Heinz J., “Marsyas”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 21 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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