(14,337 words)

(Ἡρακλῆς; Latin Hercules)

A. Myth

H. is the son of Zeus and Alcmene, wife of Amphitryon (Amphitryon and Alcmene). His extraordinary physical strength and his courage are evident even at his birth: he strangles two snakes (sent by his lifelong nemesis Hera: Hom. Il. 15,25–28; 18,119) when they attack him in his cradle (Pind. Nem. 1,39–59; Theoc. Id. 24). Even before this, Hera delays the birth of H. and hastens that of Eurystheus, so that the latter will become the ‘next-born’ whom Zeus…

Cite this page
Bezner, Frank, “Heracles”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 21 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps4_e509010>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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