Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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(3,871 words)

(Γοργώ(ν) [Gorgṓ(n)], Latin Gorgo; Μέδουσα [Médousa], Latin Medusa)

A. Myth

The name G. refers to Medusa (M.), one of the three Gorgon sisters. A daughter of Phorcys and Ceto, from the western rim of the world, she owes her mythological significance almost entirely to her quality of instilling extraordinary terror. Homer’s Iliad already locates this terror in her gaze or aspect, either of which will turn the person seen or seeing to stone, even after Perseus has struck off her head. The severed head of the G. continue…

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Mergenthaler, Volker, “Gorgon”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 14 December 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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