(2,142 words)

(Κρόνος [Krónos]; Latin Saturnus)

A. Myth

C., the most terrifying of the Titans, castrates his father Uranus at the behest of his mother Gaia, in order to free Gaia’s children, the Cyclopes, whom Uranus has banished to Tartarus (Hes. Theog. 453–505). As the new ruler of the cosmos, C. then takes humanity into an unprecedented and never-repeated “golden age” (“aurea [. . .] aetas”: Ov. Met. 1,89–113) of peace and prosperity. However, to secure his position of power, C. devours his children (fathered on his s…

Cite this page
Bezner, Frank, “Cronus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 22 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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