Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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Castor and Polydeuces
(1,867 words)

(Κάστωρ [Kástōr], Πολυδεύκης [Polydeúkēs]; Latin Castor, Polydeuces/Pollux; Διόσκουροι/ Διόσκοροι [Diósko(u)roi]; Latin Dioscuri, Castores, Tyndarides)

A. Myth

C. and P. are of Ionian descent and are also known as the Dioscuri (= D.; ‘sons of Zeus’). According to some texts, only the boxer P. is immortal, and the horse-tamer C. is mortal. Two Homeric Hymns to the D. assign them two fathers, Zeus and the Spartan king Tyndareus (Hom. H. 17,1–5; 33,3 and 9). Their mother Leda conceives the twins by Zeus, who takes the form of a …

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Dickhaut, Kirsten, “Castor and Polydeuces”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 22 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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