Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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Athena
(6,012 words)

(Ἀθηναίη [Athēnaíē], Ἀθήνη [Athḗnē], Ἀθηνᾶ [Athēnâ], also Παλλάς [Pallás]; Latin Minerva, Pallas)

A. Myth

A. is Zeus’ favourite (Hom. Il. 5,879f.) daughter, born from his head. Zeus devours his first wife, the Oceanid Metis (Greek metis, ‘wisdom’), who is pregnant with A., because of a prophecy that the second child of their union will depose him (Hes. Theog. 886–900). Hephaestus (Pind. Ol. 7,35–38) or Prometheus (Eur. Ion 455–457) then splits open the skull of the father of the gods with a blow of an axe a…

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Schmälzle, Christoph, “Athena”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 19 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps4_e205490>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111



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