Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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(5,888 words)

(Ἄρης [Árēs]; Latin Mars)

A. Myth

A. is the Greek god of war. Roman mythology identified him with Mars (M.). He is the son of Zeus and Hera. The qualities and configurations of the figure of relevance to European reception are found in nuce in Homer, who in the Iliad describes A. as the personification of the fury of war and of devastation. Not least for this reason, he is the most abhorrent of the Olympians to the father of the gods (Hom. Il. 5,890). War under the cruel aegis of A. produces t…

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Witthaus, Jan-Henrik, “Ares”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 11 December 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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