Ajax
(5,362 words)

(Αἴας [Aías]; Latin Aiax)

A. Myth

The Greek army outside Troy contains two princes by the name of A. (Hom. Il. 2,527f.; 2,557f.). One is the gigantic son of Telamon of Salamis, the bravest after Achilles. He commits the offence of hubris against Athena when he refuses her help in battle (Soph. Aj. 766–775). He fights Hector, saves the Greek ships from fire (Hom. Il. 7,182–322 and 15,683–746) and recovers the body of Achilles from the battle. He then attempts to assert his claim to Achilles’ weapons in a contest of words with Odysseus (H…

Cite this page
Liebsch, Dimitri, “Ajax”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 22 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps4_e109440>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111



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