The Roman Empire in the Civil War, 44-30 BC
(2,080 words)

I. On 27 November 43 BC, on the basis of the lex Titia, the proconsuls M. Aemilius Lepidus and M. Antonius (Mark Antony), with C. Julius Caesar Octavianus (‘Caesar the Younger’), who had been elected consul suffectus on 19 August of that year, were equipped with consular imperium for five years, i.e. until the end of 38 BC, and charged with the task of reconstituting the commonwealth (triumviri rei publicae constituendae). In this function, they decreed sweeping proscriptions (to which Cicero was among those who fell vic…

Cite this page
Olshausen, E., “The Roman Empire in the Civil War, 44-30 BC”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

▲   Back to top   ▲