The ‘Palmyrene Empire’ (AD 250–272)
(1,998 words)

The Greeks adopted an Egyptian term denoting a depression with fertile soil in the desert, calling it an oasis. Palmyra was such an Oasis. It lies in the heart of the so-called Fertile Crescent (a term coined by the Orientalist James Henry Breasted, 1865–1935), the zone of steppe in what is now Jordan, Israel, the Lebanon, Syria and Iraq, surrounded by highlands (Libanus, Antilibanus, Antitaurus, Zagrus) and suitable for rain-fed agriculture (i.e. without artificial irrigation). This zone forms a…

Cite this page
Olshausen, E., “The ‘Palmyrene Empire’ (AD 250–272)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 17 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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