The limites in Britannia, Germania and Raetia
(1,020 words)

In principle, the frontiers of Roman influence were as flexible as any particular neighbour permitted. Hence, the Roman Republic never had any external borders fixed by military installations. During the Principate, as the standing professional army developed, so also did an Empire-wide frontier control system. But this system, too, varied according to geographical, ethnic and political conditions. Some examples illustrate its diversity:

• the Vallum Hadriani (Hadrian’s Wall) in Britannia, a defensive rampart …

Cite this page
Olshausen, E., “The limites in Britannia, Germania and Raetia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 20 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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