The first three Crusades (1096–1192)
(1,832 words)

A ‘Crusade’ is defined in the narrower sense as a military campaign initiated by the medieval Church against ‘infidels’, i.e. ‘heathens’ and ‘heretics’, but historically it refers to the campaigns of the western Christians aimed at regaining the ‘Holy Land’ between the 11th and 15th cents. Of the numerous campaigns in this latter sense, the map shows those counted by canonical tradition as the first t…

Cite this page
Olshausen, E., “The first three Crusades (1096–1192)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 22 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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