The development of the Roman provinces in the southern Balkan Peninsula
Some 80 years after establishing their protectorate over parts of Illyricum, the Romans successively established three provinces in the southern Balkans: Macedonia, Achaia and, briefly, Epirus.
After the end of the 3rd Macedonian War (see Map Rome’s wars in the east I (214-129 BC)), in 167 BC, the senate charged a ten-man commission under the direction of the proconsul L. Aemilius Paullus with organizing the Macedonian heartlands into four res publicae (Greek merides). Livy (Liv. 45,29,5-9) describes the regional str…