The development of the Roman provinces in Asia Minor (2nd cent. BC to 5th cent. AD)
(1,554 words)

The bewildering frequency with which provincial frontiers in Asia Minor were moved, new provinces founded and provinces merged only to be separated again clearly betrays both the intractability and the importance of this peninsula to the Roman Empire. It was essential to defend the economic potency of the Anatolian provinces continuously against the covetous Parthians (and, from AD 227, Sassanids) at the Euphrates and Tigris. To do this, it was necessary to secure the military deployment route from the Danube to the Euphrates, which led along the southern shore of the Black Sea.

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Olshausen, E., “The development of the Roman provinces in Asia Minor (2nd cent. BC to 5th cent. AD)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 17 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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